Pick A Higher Top quality Off Grid Solar Panel NZ Array Frame
Believe there is only a single way to set up solar panels for your home or company? The Solar PV panels frames need to have to be bespoked for the mounting technique so there is a limited option of panels with these set ups. For instance, in a single aspect, a simplified installation motion is employed to engage an auxiliary element, such as a photovoltaic panel assembly, with a mounting hook. If we crunch the numbers with my preferred totally free, on the internet solar power analysis tool, PV Watts , then we can swiftly operate out that 3kW of north facing solar panels at the ideal angle of 34° will make 11.9kWh per day averaged more than 1 year. These kinds of mounts are normally utilized for properties that have way also much shade on the southern roof exposure and a sunny northern exposure. A single nicely-installed pole is capable of holding a surprisingly large number of solar panels—at times, up to as a lot of as sixteen. And that doesn’t consist of acquiring the additional star knobs, flange nuts or anything to mount the panels to every single set of stand legs. We are supplying Solar Panel Mounting Structure GI & Painted to our respected consumers which are situated all round the nation. In addition to continuous feedback from our solar specialists in Australia, the US and around the planet, the clean power testimonials group invite all solar market experts and installers to give your feedback (positive or damaging) from encounter with any modules. We style and manufacture solar panel support frames that ideal fits your PV modules mounting. This mounting method allows for decommissioning or relocation of solar panel systems with no adverse effect on the roof structure. This is a very good reason to construct a Ground mount array frame if attainable, this permits maximum air flow and ease of cleaning. The size of solar panels tends to make them well suited to be installed vertically on most roofs. Frames can be manually adjustable so that the solar panels can be tilted up for a lot more exposure in the winter time when the sun is reduced in the sky. Installation is really straightforward and swift, which is particularly advantageous to remote sites with the choice of Roof Mount or Ground Mount systems becoming accessible. The mount is only compatible with Renogy 80W and 100W solar panels. In these cases, tilt legs can be utilised to adjust the panels to the appropriate angle. The world’s most effective and greatest performing solar panels are manufactured by SunPower and LG employing IBC N-kind monocrystalline silicon cells and despite the fact that they are the most costly, they are without having doubt the most dependable and highest high quality panels accessible. Even though the mounts themselves are pretty reasonably priced, they can expense a quite penny to be installed. The cells are assembled into modules by laminating them to a transparent colourless fluoropolymer on the front side (generally ETFE or FEP ) and a polymer suitable for bonding to the final substrate on the other side. As extended your roof has adequate space to match the method size you are following and it has great sun exposure, preferably facing due North in Australia, a roof-mounted solar PV method is the appropriate selection for you. Right here are the prime 5 companies that give ground-mounted solar panels. Supply higher quality solar support frame from our great choice of reputable solar assistance frame manufacturing factories. A common ground mount utilizes a basic metal frame to assistance the weight of the rest of the program. Note: panel and cell temperature is also effected by roof color, tilt angle and wind speed, so mounting panels flat on a really dark rooftop will generally decrease panel functionality compared to lighter colored rooftops. Also, since it really is off the ground I will not kill any grass under my solar panels given that hot solar panels will kill the grass beneath them when laying on the ground. A well designed solar support structure is of paramount value to the extended term performance of any solar system. Emerging, third generation solar technologies use advanced thin-film cells. Even so without the strength of an aluminium frame double glass panels, although more sturdy, are not as stiff and can seem to flex or bow, specially when mounted flat or horizontal. The solar mounts can be positioned in most sections of your property, and they are constructed to provide a firm hold that stands up to higher levels of wind in the course of operation. A photovoltaic technique usually involves an array of photovoltaic modules, an inverter , a battery pack for energy storage, charge controller, interconnection wiring, circuit breakers, fuses, disconnect switches, voltage meters, and optionally a solar tracking mechanism.
By combining a heritage of excellence in German engineering with American innovation, in 2011 Renusol America introduces the groundbreaking, American-created Renusol CS60- the 1st one piece mounting program for PV panels. No matter whether a solar roof mount, ground mount, best of pole mount, side of pole mount, tower mount or solar carport, we can accommodate your requirements. 7,758,011 entitled Adjustable Mounting Assembly for Standing Seam Panels” which issued to Haddock on Jul. For use on ships, PV modules or solar panels require to be installed appropriately utilizing specialised mounting frames. You will also want to create a frame for your solar cells and the frame will be the base for your DIY solar panel, so that is exactly where a hand saw will come as much more than handy. Altering the tilt angle of an array to account for seasonal changes in sun altitude is not necessary. Don’t forget that there are various solar mounts utilized for each application: flush mounting for roofs, solar pole mounts , and solar ground mounts. Particular requirements exist for the roof mounting of solar systems. For the duration of the summer solar panels can often lay flat on the ground and make about 90% of the power that they would make if they were up on the rack. The whole mounting technique expenses about the exact same as buying yet another 100-watt solar panel but during the winter the solar stand aids make twice as much power. Most solar panels for rooftop solar installations are created up of 60 solar cells, although the normal for industrial solar installations is 72 cells (and can go up to 98 cells or far more). The subsequent step then is to calculate the total number of solar modules we want to mount at our internet site. This sort of mounting system is well suited for web sites exactly where excavation is not possible such as capped landfills and simplifies decommissioning or relocation of solar module systems. In addition, if your residence makes use of a lot of electrical energy, your roof may well not be big adequate for a solar energy method that meets your electrical energy requirements. Pole Mounts enable you to adjust the tilt angle to maximize your power output all through the seasons. Now solar panels are so inexpensive relative to a handful of years ago South pacing panels can make sense in Australia. An adjustable roof mount with tilt angles up to 45 degrees for maximum solar overall performance. Discarded powder-coated bed-frames (generally 2″ angle) are also most helpful for this sort of physical exercise ~ and with a bit of imagination can be employed as a base for an tilt-adjustable string of panels. MT Solar pole mounts are yet another wonderful selection. As solar panels makers always seek methods to decrease charges, item style is of course influenced by this objective. With the aid of the internet and our personal ingenuity we constructed an straightforward portable, collapsible, and storable solar panel mount out of nothing but PVC and zip ties. There are a lot of factors figuring out the type of solar mounting greatest suited for your home or business. Landpower Landscape Ballasted Solar Mounting is applicable to massive scale flat roof module installation. I have the solar panels and 24 Lead acid batteries(100Amph each) to energy the house at day and night. The pole will likely put the panels six or a lot more feet up in the air and let you preserve that ground space. Each and every fastening method 29 consists of a roof clamp 31 and a catch or mounting bracket 33. Before you start off arranging the cells, linking negative to constructive parts as you go, you may possibly take into account creating little frames in the quantity of cells you have and inside of the principal frame of your template. The Terragrif is held by the anchoring of the claws in the frame material and mounting program. Solar mounts are not just utilised to preserve solar panels in place during windy circumstances. Trackers are ground mounts that adjust automatically, making sure your panels always face directly at the sun. Ground mount systems need suitable land space, and they appear industrial. We have chosen diverse brands of solar panels with diverse frame thickness, from 31 mm to 50 mm to submit them to a mechanical resistance test. With each other with structural engineers, the solar panel sector has looked for efficient structural frames that are light in weight and cost efficient to install, construct and that are capable to carry the weight of the solar panel method. One type of passive tracker is driven by a closed Freon program that causes the tracker to adhere to the sun with adequate accuracy for flat-plate PV modules, such as the Zomeworks In high wind locations a powered tracker may possibly be preferred.
1 by means of 23, wherein like reference numerals refer to like elements in the various views, there is illustrated a new and improved modular floating support structure for a solar panel array, generally denominated 100 herein. For that reason, I can only advocate for peace of thoughts that a diode is inserted for the duration of installation to cease energy floating back across the panel during the evening. Roof Mount systems can be utilized with numerous roof types and Ground Mount systems can be secured on conventional concrete footings or on the straightforward to set up ground screw foundations. Let’s take a closer look at the various mounting options for your solar PV project. That being stated, if your home is not excellent for rooftop solar, installing a ground-mounted system can truly save you much more cash in the long run. If that is important to you, then rooftop panels could be a far better selection. A technologies which is becoming more common is the addition of DC power optimisers within the solar panel. EnergySage reviewed item specifications for the prime ten solar panel brands most often supplied to property owners in the EnergySage Solar Marketplace and compared the weight of their normal 60-cell residential solar panels. And an additional $128 compared to the 12 panel technique mounted on tilt-frames at 34°. To do this all I have to do is disconnect my cables from the solar panels that go to my solar generator. There are a couple essential benefits of making use of a pole mount instead of a roof or ground mount. Hi Sr,1 Query,Im Intriguing in Solar Panels,Do you have how I can produced them?. Rack mount: The PV panels are captured by a metal framework specially developed to allow simple attachment and detachment of the panels. I am also not enormous on getting a permanent installation of panels for a solar generator because in the occasion of a organic disaster I could shed my entire investment. This is no distinct with the solar mounting racks and frames that we provide. The most widespread solar mounting option, railed systems usually consist of two rails positioned parallel to every other and wide adequate apart to enable a solar panel to nest on best of them. Regardless of whether we are talking about economical crisis, energy outage or shortage, living off the grid or dealing with SHTF of any sort, it is specific that solar energy is 1 of the best and most practical methods of using electrical energy and providing your property with electrical energy. To obtain this, the mooring technique for the inventive floating help system is made to distribute the forces equally at mooring support points of the array. The bus wire should then go at the end of every single line of solar cells, so that you could get one particular extended line created of a number of solar cells across the longitude of the principal frame. As with any massive ticket obtain, buying for a solar panel installation requires a lot of analysis and consideration, such as a thorough assessment of the organizations in your location. Utilizing the PVWatts internet site I see that if east facing panels in Melbourne at 10 degrees are changed to north facing panels at 10 degrees, assuming identical shading conditions, they will generate 7% more. For larger industrial rooftop systems, the financial losses are bigger but still seldom sufficient to warrant the cost of washing the panels. 7, there are shown connections 210 produced between east-west frame members 124a to 124c, and 124b to 124d, of adjoining array modules 120a, 120b. Lastly, ground-mounted solar panels are quite simple to access for cleaning and upkeep. Solar panels ought to be tilted toward the sun to maximize their production. MPP (Maximum energy point) of the solar panel consists of MPP voltage (V mpp) and MPP current (I mpp): it is a capacity of the solar panel and the larger worth can make larger MPP. Regular ground mounts are normally installed at a fixed angle and position, although there are adjustable options for certain applications. There is no air gap between the roof and the panels, so there is no cooling. Study our write-up about tilt & azimuth angle for an in-depth walkthrough on how to find the best angle to mount your solar panels. PET is a plastic coating much like what disposable water bottles are made of. The thing to do is get versatile solar panels that have an ETFE finish which is guaranteed to last for 20+ years. On the negative side, ground-mounted systems are a lot more pricey than roof-mount because they require concrete posts and rigid frames. The business leading efficiency warranty is offered on both the SunPower Maxeon 2 and 3 series panels of up to 92%.
Ballasted mounts rest on a free-standing base that is not drilled into your roof. These sensible chips from Maxim go beyond the classic add-on optimiser and separate the panel into three strings of cells which enables the panel to operate at the optimum MPPT voltage when partially shaded or dirty. If tracking of the solar panel array is desired, the advised trackers are single-axis units that need little control or energy. 0026 A additional object or feature of the present invention is a new and improved floating structure for a solar panel array that permits solar panels to be positioned for optimal solar power collection even though afloat. Enter your zip code to discover out what solar panels expense from installers near you. As a general guide, when mounted in accordance with their instructions most mounting systems will meet Australian standards. With a variable width for all mounting systems. Pole mounts are the greatest solar panel mounts to use in heavy snow areas, simply because the steep tilt angle aids shed snow. For optimum overall performance, a solar panel wants to be produced of similar modules oriented in the identical path perpendicular to direct sunlight. Supplied with marine-grade mounting frame kits for ships and marine applications. Flat rooftops (or low slope roofs) can use equivalent racking hardware with tilt legs to accomplish an proper angle. SnapNRack is a manufacturer of photovoltaic module mounting products and systems. Glass plates are perhaps the very best solution to have around for producing base for your solar cells. Since it is a single of the most time- and labor-intensive components of hooking up the system, solar panel mounts are 1 of the greatest fees throughout a solar power system installation. Allows the angle of the solar panel to be adjusted for the ideal benefits. MOBASOLAR has created distinct Terragrif goods which are compatible for far more than 90% of mounting systems. Now when you have frames and when all the cells are arranged and connected, you will require to place some wires by way of the lines of cells you have. This frame is made to hold a particular number of solar panels, which depends on the frame. It has become increasingly more high-priced to import solar mounting systems from China, the main supply of solar mounting systems in South Africa. The mooring lines are pre-tensioned and released at a fixed length at the time of installation, and if essential throughout the maintenance period, to afford the relative vertical movement the array may possibly go by way of during its design and style life. For most applications, the extra labor and the added complexity of the array mount does not justify the modest enhance in energy developed. Solar panels aren’t limited to rooftops they can be freestanding and ground-mounted systems that create energy for your property wherever they occur to be. Aside from the reality that tilt frames look ugly, panels at a shalllow angle execute much much better below cloudy conditions. Some specific solar PV modules incorporate concentrators in which light is focused by lenses or mirrors onto smaller sized cells. Following to RMI , Balance-of-Program (BoS) components, this is, non-module cost of non- microinverter solar modules (as wiring, converters, racking systems and a variety of elements) make up about half of the total fees of installations. Now incorporated self earthing mechanism and accessory holes, we are extremely excited to introduce you to our industrial tilt mounting program. You will want to test and activate the solar cells prior to moving onto making your solar panel and go on with generating more solar cells if you have made your very first one effectively. We advocate the IronRidge XR100 or XR1000 (exact same as a regular roof mount) with the addition of tilt legs. This exclusive design covers much more of the panel surface region as it does not need front side busbar connections which partially shade the cell, therefore increaseing the panel efficiency significantly like IBC cells explained under. The mount makes the installation of small solar systems straightforward, reasonably priced and quick. But if your garage is flat and occurs to get the most sun, a flat roof mounting selection might be perfect for you. Place the mount collectively and location it on top of your solar panel to verify the fit. Aluminum solar frames along with higher alloy stainless steel frames are made with the highest tolerances and great forming capabilities, to generate the excellent top quality aluminum solar frame that we are accustomed to create.
8 shows the hinged connection amongst N-S frame members 130a, 130b in adjoining array modules. Even though rooftop solar arrays are the most widespread option for property owners, there are numerous reasons to think about a ground-mounted solar panel system. 5A-5b show the installation of the N-S frame members atop the E-W frame members, which are in turn mounted to the floats. Angled brackets 200 (els) can be provided to enhance structural rigidity at the panel help connections 202. Although rooftop solar panels are the most frequent kind, not everyone’s home is suited to them. From a single panel mounted on a post to a large ground-mounted multi-kilowatt pv array. Wire (two.1.1.three): Our Renogy solar panels come with common PV wire that is weatherproof and insulated (as long as there is no exposed copper wire). The next thing is to divide the leading-to-bottom length of the roof by the lengthy edge of the panels to come up with how numerous rows will fit in the space offered. The producers we give are created to offer dependable solar panel mounting structures for residential, industrial, and utility-scale projects and typically contain stamped engineering. In terms of the quantity of power developed, ground and rooftop panels are fairly much the identical, at least on the surface. If your house utilizes a lot of energy, then ground-mounted panels might be greater for you. Though solar panels might get all the glory when you happen to be speaking about how great solar energy is for lowering your electricity bills, making green jobs, and saving the planet, solar mounting choices are just as essential. It really is constantly sensible to speak with a solar installer near you to see what your alternatives are for solar panel mounting. Although railed systems are the most frequent solar mounting alternative, rail-significantly less systems are certainly catching up. As opposed to the standard rack mount, the angles can be adjusted so that the panels are not parallel to the roof plane. Obtaining a solar mounting frame and roof panel also close to the edge of the roof, will boost drastically the wind forces on the panel and method structure for the duration of heavy winds. Being the original patent holding U.S. manufacturer of the Rooftrac® “Leading-Down” solar mounting technique, one can be confident realizing they are becoming offered with absolutely nothing but exceptional solar equipment goods. Solar panels carry out properly when they are free of shade, or even in partial shadow, and the sun is straight above. The solar panel stand legs are the most vital part of the complete support mount. Targray’s portfolio of aluminum solar panel frames is a trusted supply for PV module makers searching for superior mold sophistication at a competitive price. Flat roof mounting alternatives are widespread for industrial and commercial buildings because they have large spans of wide open space best for solar panels. Placing solar panels directly onto the ground functions quite okay during the summer but throughout the fall, winter and spring a solar panel stand tends to make a enormous distinction in power production. Photovoltaic panel frames are anodized and have a resistance in the area of 20 MOhm. All this needed was 3 regular pulpit rail mounting brackets that I attached to a stout sheet of aluminium bolted across the panel frame – very best observed under with the panel folded down. The panel supports are mounted transversely across the N-S frame members and are preferably Z shaped rolled sheet metal with stiffeners, as required, to assistance the weight of a plurality of panels mounted on their upper edges. The typical size of solar panels used in a rooftop solar installation is around 65 inches by 39 inches, or 5.four feet by three.25 feet. Normal ground mounts use metal framing driven into the ground to hold your solar panels up at a fixed angle. This post will support you comprehend solar panel size, solar panel weight, and whether or not your roof can assistance solar panels. A pole mount is a tough rack or frame constructed to hold a set of solar cells that is mounted up on prime of a single pole. Panels at 25 degrees will only generate 8.2% more power than these at degrees. In theory, trackers are beneficial in optimizing the facing of your panels to squeeze each final drop of production out of your array. We will make certain that your solar panels are mounted in the correct place on your roof – as sometimes wind harm can occur if modules are mounted too close to the edge or ridge of the roof. Anyway, it took ’em three days to resolve all the ‘insurmountable’ problems AND hand me a cheque for the power racked up on the analog meter from the date of installation.
These systems imply that your Solar PV panels turn into the actual fabric of your roof, serving two purposes, climate proofing and energy provide. Fewer rails are essential to mount a solar panel vertically instead of horizontally. That is the case if the flexible solar panels have a PET finish on them. Structures are developed to suit individual solar arrays and internet site circumstances, detailed dimensional drawings getting supplied for each and every installation. On a pitched roof, flat roof, garden shed, on the ground or even on a pole… Naked have observed it all ahead of and can aid you locate the perfect Solar mounting program to get your solar panels where you want them. Ground-mounted solar panels can offer a number of advantages over standard rooftop panels. We sell Solar Mounting Frames for metal and tile roofs, as properly as ground mount systems. 439 solar panel help frames items are offered for sale by suppliers on , of which solar mounting program accounts for 11%, solar energy system accounts for four%, and aluminum profiles accounts for 3%. A wide variety of solar panel help frames possibilities are accessible to you, such as decorations, transportation tools. 0027 An even further object of the present invention is to provide a novel floating structure for a solar panel array that is lightweight and very easily transported to and assembled at or close to an installation site, either on dry land or on the water. 0004 Systems and apparatus specifically adapted for floating a large array of solar panels are establishing, but they are comparatively new and as a result at present present many as yet unsolved difficulties. Yet another choice that comes as an option for connecting the solar panel to your method without possessing to use deep cycle batteries is connecting the solar panel to an Uninterruptible Power Source pc, also named UPS. The frame elements give a generally horizontal base on which solar panels are mounted. The panels are practically often parallel to the roof surface. The solar panel stand legs are really basic and consist of two 41” lengthy aluminum slotted angle pieces, one 21” aluminum angle brace, and a handful of star knobs, bolts and flange nuts. We wired our roof panels in parallel making use of the Signstek Y-branch cable connector , so we had some open MC4 connectors to plug in to. MC4 connectors are wonderful and all, but you need a particular tool to take them apart, and that’s a no-go if you’re developing one thing that’s supposed to set up fast and simple. A mooring and anchoring system securing the solar panel array to shore and distributing loads along big portions of the array. By collecting a diverse array of solar bids, you can evaluate expenses and savings based on the different gear packages available to you. Several double glass panels are also frameless possessing no aluminium frame which can complicate the mounting of panels as special clamping systems are needed. Solar panels can weight up to 10 pounds per square foot which indicates the roof has to be able to help the added weight of the solar panels and the frame. The quite cool Quick-Rack Rail System was developed to speed the installation of big scale PV arrays on sloped roofs with a minimum number of roof penetrations. If your roof isn’t at the right angle, does not face south, or has obstructions like chimneys or skylights, then your solar array will be significantly less productive. 0003 Rooftop solar arrays need the modification of the rooftop structure, can be harmful and difficult to perform on, and offer only a restricted footprint. Properly, merely due to the fact it may happen that some cells won’t be working, so to make the whole building simpler to function with, sustain and assemble, you can construct small frames for solar cells and make replacements less complicated. Second, a ground mount solar panel system can be a lot more productive per panel than a rooftop solar array. Marine grade frames and mounting kits for ships & offshore applications are also accessible. Integrated mount: PV panels replace conventional roofing supplies and attach directly to the roof’s rafters. Although certain panels will have greater efficiency ratings than other individuals, investing in best-of-the-line solar equipment doesn’t always outcome in larger savings. Mounts for roof, ground, pole and carport mounted solar PV systems at low wholesale costs. Rail mounts, which are attached straight to the roof structure and could use additional rails for attaching the module racking or frames.
0032 Yet an additional object is to give a floating solar panel assistance technique that has minimum volume for shipping. This mount relies on the weight of the PV array, as properly as concrete blocks, to hold the program in location. The term solar panel is employed colloquially for a photo-voltaic (PV) module. These make it less difficult to remove your solar panels at a later date, or to replace the roofing on your property without having disturbing the panels themselves. Variety of specialized and flexible photovoltaic modules (PV) for ship SOLAR Energy and marine use available. A solar panel mount (or solar racking technique) is the foundation that holds your solar array in spot. If you think there is a good likelihood you’ll want to expand the size of your solar array in the future, it tends to make sense to get a larger mount rather than a smaller sized 1. The Support is pre-assembled,just open it and fix the rail,4 methods finish the addition,The tilt-in module can be place into the extruded rail from the any place and can be higher pre-assembled with the these minimizes the time and expense of installation. I feel permanent installations are just fine for solar panels but with a solar generator , a transportable solar panel mount is genuinely useful. ISA Corporation has years of expertise constructing and installing solar panel frames and elevated mounting racks. There’s yet another alternative, known as ground-mounted solar panels. Each of these solar panel mounting frames can be modified to suit your application. Ground Mounts allow you to choose the optimal tilt angle in a south-facing direction. Higher quality, long lasting, effectively designed options for mounting PV modules and arrays. The whole solar panel stand frame effortlessly breaks down to be extremely portable as properly when not in use. The firm is now pushing the boundaries with the new Tiger variety of higher-performance solar panels. Do not attach solar panel to pole mount until mount is securely fit, and pole base has been secured. The Triangle Tilt Mounting Program can be utilized on open ground or on your roof for that extra strength. Finally, I would suggest if you have flooded batteries to make certain there is plenty of water in the batteries just before the solar panels get to perform and monitor the charge meticulously for a few weeks so you strike the balance between charge and consumption. You will use the solder flux for removing the grease out of the solar cells you have and a hand saw is clearly very necessary as there will be lots of cutting involved. Photo-voltaic cells use sunlight as a supply of power and create direct present electricity A collection of PV modules is known as a PV Panel, and a system of Panels is an Array. If you determine to incorporate a tracking system in your installation, you will spend an further upfront cost, but the resulting boost in electrical energy production can make tracking systems cost-powerful for numerous property owners. As a common rule, most mounting systems need to be much more than 500mm away from any roof edge to comply. six shows how solar panels 136 are mounted on and connected to the panel supports by clipping the outer edges 204 of the outer panels to the panel supports utilizing C- clips 206 and screws, and by clipping the interior edges of all of the panels to the panel supports employing panel T-clips 208 and screws. For larger solar panels such as the SunWorks 180 watt panel, take a appear at the large adjustable solar panel mounting frame. SunPower – The most efficient panels on the industry, their greatest solar panels have a conversion price of 22.eight%. A third set of 5ft slotted angle iron pieces can be used to make a center crossbeam which is suggested on windy days to help hold the panels in spot. To find the smaller contractors that typically provide lower costs, you’ll need to use an installer network like EnergySage You can acquire cost-free quotes from vetted installers neighborhood to you when you register your property on our Solar Marketplace – homeowners who get 3 or a lot more quotes can count on to save $five,000 to $ten,000 on their solar panel installation. 15 The Spectrolab scientists also predict that concentrator solar cells could accomplish efficiencies of far more than 45% or even 50% in the future, with theoretical efficiencies getting about 58% in cells with a lot more than 3 junctions. Evaluations and data on the very best Solar panels, inverters and batteries from SMA, Fronius, SunPower, SolaX, Q Cells, Trina, Jinko, Selectronic, Tesla Powerwall, ABB.