Exploration of Cultivating Practical Ability of Western Applied Mechanical Talents Based on Engineering Education Professional Certification
Practical teaching is an important link in the cultivation of practical ability of mechanical students in applied undergraduate institutions. The core concept of talent cultivation under the accreditation of engineering education is output-oriented, which means that we should change from “what teachers can teach” to “what students should achieve”, and the engineering education received at the university level should be used as the preparation for future related professional work. It is an important change in the view of higher engineering education cultivation to determine reasonable cultivation objectives based on social needs and connotation of academic development, to clarify graduation requirements to support cultivation objectives, to design and implement teaching activities with the output product “students” as the center, and to change from imparting engineering knowledge to cultivating the ability required by occupation.
At the same time, different regions, schools and majors have great influence on the quality and requirements of cultivation. At present, the concept of engineering professional certification, which is based on “student-centered, output-oriented and continuous improvement”, has gradually penetrated into major universities, and it has become the pursuit goal of university education to continuously strengthen professional construction and improve the quality of talents training. It needs to be seriously explored and studied.
According to the development trend of international and domestic engineering education and the special situation of western colleges and universities, this paper explores the new ways of engineering practical ability cultivation mode in western colleges and universities under the background of engineering education professional certification, taking into account the cultivation characteristics of mechanical applied undergraduate talents.
The engineering practice teaching system puts forward new requirements on curriculum system, teaching content, teaching methods, practical teaching and personalized cultivation of talents, etc.
2.The guiding principles of combining general education and professional education
deepening reform of teaching methods and examination methods, strengthening practical teaching and cultivation of innovation ability, and promoting internationalization of undergraduate education are formulated, and the curriculum settings are refined, including attaching importance to students’ mathematical and scientific foundation and
cultivation of scientific literacy; strengthening the social practice links of basic courses such as humanities and social sciences, complementing each other inside and outside the classroom and enhancing the effectiveness; and further strengthening and standardizing the practical teaching links.cultivation of scientific literacy.
The social practice links of basic courses such as humanities and social sciences are strengthened, complementing each other inside and outside the classroom to enhance the effectiveness; the practical teaching links are further strengthened and standardized.
Based on undergraduate teaching, serving scientific research and aiming at “cultivating modern engineering application talents”, the Experimental Center of College of Mechatronics Engineering has formed 7 experimental platforms around the experimental teaching and discipline construction of the college.
(1) Advanced manufacturing technology comprehensive training platform.
(2) Test and control comprehensive experimental platform.
(3) mechanical transmission platform.
(4) Innovation design platform.
(5) Mechatronics integrated comprehensive experimental platform
(6) comprehensive experimental platform for textile engineering
(7) industrial production comprehensive experimental platform.
The overall construction planning of the current 7 experimental platforms, internship bases and experimental centers and the continuous improvement work of professional certification provide good hardware support and theoretical guidance for the smooth construction and implementation of the engineering ability cultivation system, while the in-depth research and discussion of the system will certainly provide strong support and guarantee for the cultivation of talents in mechanical design and manufacturing and its automation in our university.
The engineering practice teaching system takes engineering quality education and innovation ability cultivation as the core, focuses on practical (experimental) courses, unifies theoretical teaching and practical (experimental) teaching, further enriches experimental teaching content, increases the proportion of comprehensive design and innovative experiments, and builds the innovative practical teaching system of “4+1”, which is composed of engineering The “4+1” innovative practice teaching system is composed of engineering basic practice training teaching platform, mechanical basic practice teaching platform, professional comprehensive practice teaching platform, comprehensive innovation and scientific research practice platform and student science and technology innovation practice platform.
In order to meet the cultivation of western applied mechanical composite application talents, the comprehensive cultivation of students’ comprehensive ability is fully considered in the setting of the practical teaching curriculum system, and a multi-dimensional practical curriculum system is constructed. The system consists of different levels, types and forms of practice links, and the practice levels and types are crossed through different forms.
3 Features of the innovative practice teaching system based on engineering education accreditation
The innovative practical teaching system based on engineering education accreditation pays attention to the improvement of practical teaching methods, introduces inquiry-based teaching methods into the practical teaching process, and focuses on inspiring students’ scientific thinking and innovation consciousness.
For the cultivation mode and target of practical ability of western applied mechanical talents, the following are proposed: joint cultivation mechanism of school-enterprise; combined learning and application talents cultivation mode; multi-level and multi-dimensional networked practical teaching system mode; international cooperation talents cultivation mode; students’ scientific research exploration mode, which finally achieves “I have what others have, I have what others have, I have what others have, I have what others have, I have what others have, I have what others have, and I have what others have. “The characteristics of innovative practical teaching system. The main aspects are as follows.
(1) The integration of various cultivation modes and the implementation of a “hierarchical, four-year continuous” practical teaching system.
(2) Taking the university-enterprise alliance as the link, it focuses on the transformation of scientific research results into practical teaching contents.
(3) Take the characteristics and technology development of modern manufacturing technology such as “digitalization, intelligence, networking and integration” as the traction, and take design and simulation software as the means to realize the hierarchical and serialized experimental teaching of manufacturing system.
(4) The promotion and integration of student science and technology innovation.
(5) Based on the advantages of professional disciplines, use the transformation of scientific research results to realize the mutual promotion and integration of teaching and research.
The quality of practical teaching is enhanced by the certification and construction of engineering education majors and the continuous development and improvement of discipline and professional teaching, while the construction work of the practical teaching system is used to promote the certification and construction of majors, and the two promote each other to form a virtuous circle and expand the integration and demonstration benefits.